Connecting, Nurturing, Creating for Sustainable Environment

Hong Kong's Governments Response
   

 

Hong Kong's Governments Response

GHG Reduction Measures in Hong Kong (source EPD)

 Categories
 
Measures
 
Electricity Generation    
  • Power companies are requested to maximize the use of natural gas for electricity generation.
  • Only gas-fired generating units have been allowed to be built since 1997 with a ban on the construction of coal-fired generating units. Natural gas emits 50% less GHG for the same amount of electricity produced.
  • A Public Consultation was conducted in 2014 on the future fuel mix for electricity generation.
  • The percentage of local gas generation is set to increase from 22% to 50% by 2020. Nuclear import from the Mainland would account for 25% of the total fuel mix. 
  • The remaining demand will be met by coal-fired power.
Electricity Demand Side Management
  • Demand Side Management (DSM) Agreements were signed between the Government and the power companies in May 2000 and expired in June 2003.
  • The Government has implemented a wide range of initiatives on energy efficiency and conservation to promote demand side management, including the voluntary energy efficiency labelling schemes, Building Energy Codes and pilot scheme on wider use of water-cooled air conditioning system.
  • A Mandatory Energy Efficiency Labelling Scheme was introduced in 2008 through the Energy Efficiency (Labelling of Products) to encourage consumers to use more energy-efficient products. 
Energy Efficiency & Conservation
  • An Energy Efficiency Registration Scheme for Buildings was launched in 1998 by the Electrical & Mechanical Services Department to promote the application of Building Energy Codes covering lighting, air-conditioning, electrical and lift & escalator installations. It specifies the minimum energy performance standards for these installations.
  • All new Government buildings and retrofit projects are required to fully comply with the Building Energy Codes issued by Electrical and Mechanical Services Department (EMSD).
  • A voluntary Energy Efficiency Labelling Scheme for household appliances, office equipment and vehicles has been launched since 1995.
  • A Mandatory Energy Efficiency Labelling Scheme was introduced to provide further help to the public in choosing energy efficient appliances and to raise public awareness on energy saving.
  • The Buildings Energy Efficiency Ordinance has come into operation since 2012 to promote energy efficiency in buildings.
  • The Scheme for Wider Use of Fresh Water in Cooling Tower in Air Conditioning Systems was launched in 2000 to increase the use of fresh water in cooling for energy efficient air conditioning systems in non-domestic buildings.
Renewable Energy
  • A target of 1-2% of our local power to be met by renewable energies by 2012 was set in the First Sustainable Development Strategy in May 2005.
  • To encourage more usage of renewable energy (RE), the power companies in Hong Kong will enjoy a higher rate of return (11%) for their investment in RE facilities (as compared with 9.99% for other assets). They will also be offered a bonus in the range of 0.01 to 0.05 percentage point in permitted return depending on the extent of RE usage in their electricity generation. Also, grid connection arrangement will be standardised for back up power supply for customers with embedded renewable generation in Hong Kong, subject to technical and reasonable terms. Special cases, such as spill power from embedded renewables and energy-from-waste, will be considered on a case-by-case basis, on reasonable terms. Grid connection/access for RE users/generating facilities using RE will be negotiated between prospective grid users and the respective power company.
  • As of 2016, the power plants in Hong Kong have installed photovoltaic systems in its power plants and are studying the feasibility of offshore wind-farms.
  • The Government is promoting Waste to Energy. Eg. Sludge treatment facility in Tuen Mun has facilities to convert the thermal energy from incineration into electricity. The surplus electricity generated can be uploaded to the power grid.
  • The Government plans to create an Integrated Waste Management Facility in phases by using advanced incineration with energy recovery as the main waste treatment technology. They also have proposed to build Organic Waste Treatment Facilities where the biogas from the treatment process being will be used for power generation.
Transport
  • The Government believes that the use of the extensive and energy-efficient transport system and the use of cleaner vehicles will help reduce GHG emissions.
  • The Government will continue its efforts to extend the coverage of the public transport system. In the upgrading and expansion of the public transport infrastructure, there is emphasis on railways for optimal connectivity and accessibility.
  • Taxis and light buses are being encouraged to switch to liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) to reduce the generation of air pollutants.
  • A $300 million Pilot Green Transport fund was set up in March 2011 to encourage the public transport sector and goods vehicle owners to try out new green transport technologies.
  • Electric Vehicles are also being promoted by waiving the First Registration Tax on them till 2017, through opportunities for profits tax deduction in capital expenditure and the Pilot Green Transport Fund.
Landfill Gas Utilization
  • Collecting and utilizing landfill gas from all closed and existing landfills as fuel substitutes and flare the surplus landfill gas.
  • Utilizing landfill gas extracted from the Shuen Wan Landfill as fuel at Towngas (Tai Po) Production Plant.
Afforestation
  • Actively implementing afforestation programmes in the territory to increase the capacity of CO absorption.
 
Others
  • The Environmental Protection Department and the Electrical and Mechanical Services Department have drawn up “Guidelines to Account for and Report on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals” for buildings (Commercial, Residential or Institutional Purpose) in Hong Kong. It is intended to help building owners and managers account for and report GHG emissions from the operations of their buildings in Hong Kong and reduce or offset these emission based on their own goals.
  • The Environmental Protection Department has been promoting environmental audit, environmental management systems and environmental reporting to improve corporate environmental performance in public and private sectors.

 

 

Government Energy Saving Achievements till 2015

(source: Energy Saving Plan for Hong Kong’s Built Environment 2015~2025+)

 

Government Energy Saving Plan 2015~2025+

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(source: Energy Saving Plan for Hong Kong’s Built Environment 2015~2025+)

 

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