Connecting, Nurturing, Creating for Sustainable Environment




Hong Kong’s transport sector contributes to 17% of greenhouse gas emissions with road transport dominating the emissions in this sector. The following actions have been proposed to minimize emissions from this sector:

1.     Further investment in mass and public transport systems by the Government with increased access to public transport.

2.     Advancement of technology through alternative fuels (such as biofuel) and higher fleet efficiency standards.

3.     Introduction of more Electronic Vehicles in Hong Kong.

4.     Improve the pedestrian’s experience.



Existing Measures

1.     On the first registration of a motor vehicle, a first registration tax is charged. It is calculated on the basis of the taxable value of the vehicle and in accordance with the percentage for that vehicle class as specified in the schedule of the Motor Vehicle Ordinance.

2.     An incentive-cum-regulatory scheme was launched in March 2014 to phase out around 82,000 pre-Euro IV Diesel Commercial Vehicles by 2019.

3.     From 2014, the government has been funding the bus companies the full cost of retrofitting 1,400 Euro II and Euro III buses with Selective Catalytic Reduction devices to increase their emission performance to Euro IV level or above.

4.     The Euro V emission standard has now been implemented for newly registered vehicles, reducing particulate emissions by 95% and NOx emissions by 78% compared to a vehicle manufactured before the Euro standards.


MTR Corporation Limited: Best Practice Case Study

The company's network was expanded significantly in 2007 through a merger with Kowloon-Canton Railway. The MTR network includes 211.6 km of rail in Hong Kong, Kowloon, and the New Territories, plus a light rail network in the New Territories, an airport express line, and bus feeder services. Due to its efficiency and affordability, the MTR system is a common mode of public transport in Hong Kong with over 4 million trips made in an average weekday.

Electricity consumption is one of MTR's most significant direct costs. Electricity consumption is constantly monitored and opportunities for further efficiencies actively sought and assessed. The adoption of MTR's Climate Change Policy in 2006 included influencing contractors and suppliers for best practice exceeding compliance and to actively improve and implement internal initiatives that to reduce their carbon emissions.

The internally developed Environmental Management System (EMS) provides the framework for managing MTR's environmental impacts and is certified by the ISO 14001 standard. Under this system, targets for energy consumption, water usage, waste materials and effluents management and noise abatement have been consistently met. With the introduction of the Policy, MTR is expanding management processes and systems to include the medium to long-term risks of climate change on their operations. Overall, although railway operations make up the bulk of its business, MTR also manages residential and commercial properties near its stations, some of which (Palazzo and PopCorn Mall properties) have received GREEPLUS awards for energy efficiency and conservation efforts.

According to their latest Sustainability Report they have experienced a 16.1 per cent reduction in electricity compared to their 2008 baseline. In 2015 they implemented additional climate adaptation measures and continued to support the UTTP Declaration on Climate Leadership. 1 MTR train at capacity can carry as many as 7500 passengers, making this their most significant contribution to the environment.


Ports of Hong Kong

The Government has implemented several measures to control marine emissions. They are as follows:

1.     Implementing MARPOL Annex VI requirements

2.     Controlling vessel smoke requirements

3.     Upgrade the quality of local marine diesel (April 2014)

4.      Making it mandatory for ocean going vehicles switch to cleaner fuels while berthing (July 2015).

5.     Collaborating with the Ministry of Transport and the Guangdong authorities to set up marine emission control in the Pearl River Delta waters.  






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